(A) Map displaying the localities of genetically investigated (16S rRNA) populations of Bufo verrucosissimus. The expected range of the species, according to Kutrup et al. (2006), GarcĂ­a-Porta et al. (2012), Litvinchuk et al. (2012), Recuero et al. (2012) and Arntzen et al. (2013), is highlighted in orange. The newly investigated population is represented by a red circle with a black dot in the middle. Geographically closest (Alanya and Mersin, Turkey) and furthest (Kyurdzhinovo, Russia) investigated localities, relative to Lebanon, are marked by GenBank accession numbers. The question mark represents parts where species distribution needs further investigation. (B) Haplotype network inferred from a 16S rRNA showing the intraspecific relations of B. verrucosissimus. Black dots inside the red circle represent population from Lebanon and arrows following geographically closest and furthest localities given to Lebanon as presented in Fig. 1A. Sequences of other species of the B. bufo complex were used as the outgroup. The pictured specimen originates from the locality Moukhtara, Lebanon.

  Part of: Jablonski D, Sadek RA (2019) The Caucasian Toad, Bufo verrucosissimus (Pallas, 1814) in the Levant: evidence from mitochondrial DNA. Herpetozoa 32: 255-258. https://doi.org/10.3897/herpetozoa.32.e37560